The Surrounding Area: Longstanton

Prehistoric evidence incudes a scatter of Mesolithic flints fount at Slate Hall Farm. This may be some of the earlest occupation in the corner of the parish. There are two important Iron Age settlements, at Longstanton. Near the Cambridge-Godmanchester road there are a small group of crop marks, including a possible banjo enclosure, similar to the Wardy Hill ring work on the Isle of Ely. This was enclosed Iron Age settlement of a type more commonly found in Wessex, excavation have identified later Iron Age handmade pottery.

The second Iron Age settlement can be found at Hatton's Farm to the north-east of the village; here several round huts were excavated, and these were mostly within rectangular enclosures, and the site included as droveways and larger enclosure surrounds the whole thing. Hattons' Farm continued in used into the Roman period, particularly in the 3rd and 4th centuries. Interestingly, there is a high concentration of horse bones found at the site, as well evidence of skilled butchery from the food bones (cattle, sheep, pig).

By Doomsday in 1086 Longstanton was one of the largest villages in Cambridgeshire with 335 people. The population itself was spread over two ‘villages' which were later amalgamated so it is like that this figure doubled over the next two centuries. The population saw some decline, with people moving to more arable lands, and didn't see a significant rise again until the 20th century, with 2370 residence being recorded in 1996.

There were four manors in Longstanton during the medieval period, each with its own farm. Colville's manor house was recorded in the south-east of the village and by the mid-19th century included a moat enclosing two acres of land and part of a fishpond. St. Michael's manor includes the 17th century house opposite. The site of Walwyn's manor house is no longer known and the documentation only goes up to the 13th and 14th century, suggesting it fell out of use. Finally, Cheyneys manor house was probably on the high street to the north of All Saints church, which existed in the 16th century and continued to be used into the 19th century.